The hotel was built in 1902, designed by architect Alexander Ivanov.
In the late 1960s, the Hotel Intourist, a towering, modern glass and concrete structure, was built next to the National.
In 1983, the State Committee for Foreign Tourism merged National and Intourist into a single hotel complex.
In 1989, the National-Intourist hotel complex was divided into two separate hotels.
The 160-room hotel was named Nacionalnaya and received its guests in 1903. The interior emphasises the unique design of the white marble main staircase with gilded decorations and metal railings.
In 1995 the National became part of one of the world's largest hotel chains, Le Meridien, which owned five-star hotels in different countries of the world.
From 1903 to 1910, a set of postcards depicting the National hotel was issued.
In 2000 the hotel was renamed Le Meridien National Hotel, upon the recommendation of Le Meridien.
In 1933, the National Hotel was taken over by Intourist, the state company for foreign tourism.
In 2009, the National became part of the Luxury Collection brand, owned by Starwood Hotels & Resorts, a magnificent chain of more than 70 best hotels and resorts worldwide.